Conservation of Energy

List of General Chemistry Laws

When you’re studying Chemistry, these are the laws that you have to take note.

Conservation of Energy
Conservation of Energy
  1. Avogadro’s Law – Ideal gases under equal temperature and pressure conditions will also contain equal number of particles, whether it is molecules, atoms, electrons, etc.
  2. Boyle’s Law – The confined gases’ volume is inversely proportional to the pressure at constant temperature.
  3. Charles’ Law – The confined gas volume is directly proportional to the absolute temperature at constant pressure.
  4. Conservation of Energy – Being the First Law of Thermodynamics, it states that energy can be neither created nor destroyed, therefore making the universal energy constant.
  5. Conservation of Mass – Matter can be neither created nor destroyed, though it can undergo chemical changes while the mass, however, remains the same.
  6. Dalton’s Law – The gases mixture’s pressure is equal to the sum of component gases’ partial pressures.
  7. Definite Composition – Two or more elements of a definite weight chemically combined are needed to form a compound.
  8. Dulong and Petit’s Law – In most metals, 6.2 calories are needed to raise the temperature of 1g by 1 degree centigrade.
  9. Faraday’s Law – The weight of any element during electrolysis is proportional to the electricity’s quantity and to the element’s weight.
  10. Gay-Lussac’s Law – The ratio between the gas volumes and product combined can be expressed in whole numbers.
  11. Graham’s Law – The diffusion or effusion rate of a gas is inversely proportional to its molecular mass’ square root.
  12. Henry’s Law – The gas’ solubility is directly proportional to the applied pressure, unless it’s highly soluble.
  13. Ideal Gas Law – The ideal gas’ state is determined by volume, pressure and temperature.
  14. Multiple Proportions – The mass of one element combined with a fixed mass of another, is done in a small whole number-ratio system.
  15. Periodic Law – Every element’s chemical property varies according to their atomic number.
  16. Second Law of Thermodynamics – Heat cannot flow on its own from cold to a hot area.