It is definitely difficult to land an airplane in emergency. Many of us have wondered how a pilot does it so well! There are certain basic steps that one should follow in order to land the plane safe and sound. The following guide will help a person who knows a thing or two about air craft to help in such emergency situations.
- The first step is to take a seat and fasten your seat belt and shoulder harness. Do not touch any of the automatic controls in the plane. Make sure that no body is leaning on the control yoke(which is like a steering wheel of the plane)
- The next step is to take a breather, be calm in this panic situation because this will only help you to come out of it and take charge of the plane well.
- Next important step is to level the aircraft. Do not let it ascend or descend. This can be done by looking at the altitude indicator which lets you know about the wings. In modern day aircraft there is a primary flight display which helps in giving vital information like airspeed, ground speed and altitude. Next is to correct the pitch(climb or descent) and turning. Check if the miniature wings are in level with the artificial horizon. If they are in control then you are good. If you need to level the plane push the yoke towards you or if you need to get the aircraft down push it forward. You can turn the plane by rotating the yoke left or right.
- The next thing to do is to turn on autopilot. In passenger planes this is in the center of the glair-shield panel, in a position where both pilots can reach it. If this results in the aircraft in doing things that it should not do then turn it off by pressing all the buttons.
For landing procedure the pilot needs to call for help in the radio. This can be done using a microphone which all the aircraft have and let the base know what is the emergency. Next is give the proper airplane’s call sign when you are talking to the controller. The speed of the aircraft should be safe and then start the descent. After this go for landing and slowly apply the brakes. The aircraft will land safe and sound.